Regulations

Federal

The Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act became law on November 6, 2000 (Public Law No: 106-430). To meet the requirements of this act, the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) has revised the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard 1910.1030 effective April 18, 2001. The revised Standard requires:

  • Employers to use effective engineering controls, including safer medical devices in order to reduce the risk of injury from needlesticks and other sharp medical instruments.
  • Employers to keep a record of injuries from contaminated sharps in a sharps injury log.
  • Employers to involve frontline healthcare workers in the identification, evaluation and selection of safe needlestick devices.

The CDC issued a safety alert urging hospitals and health facilities to use needles and syringes with safety features to prevent needlestick injuries.

State

State Bill Date Passed
Alaska HB 440 & SB261C June 2000
Arkansas HB 2278 February 2001
California AB 1208 September 1998
Connecticut SB 173 June 2000
Georgia HB 1448 April 2000
Iowa HB2476 April 2000
Maine LD 2185 April 2000
Massachusetts SB 438 & HB 969 August 2000
Minnesota SF 2397 April 2000
Missouri HB 1747 July 2001
New Hampshire HB 1244 May 2000
New Jersey AB 2317 January 2000
New York A7144C November 2000
Ohio SB 183 July 2000
Oklahoma HB 2139 June 2000
Pennsylvania HB 454 December 2001
Rhode Island HB 6249, 6832, 6949 8185 July 2001
Tennessee SB 1023 March 1999
Texas HB 2085 June 1999
West Virginia HB 4298 April 2000

International

World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and other international agencies have begun an aggressive campaign to halt a global epidemic of lethal diseases spread by contaminated needles.

The plan calls for phasing out use of all standard disposable and reusable syringes in developing countries and replacing them with a new generation of safety syringes that can only be used once. This new safety syringe program is part of an even broader initiative by a coalition of world health agencies, including WHO, UNICEF and the CDC, designed to curb the transmission of potentially deadly viruses through conventional needle use in therapeutic injections as well as in vaccinations.

Resources